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classification of plant disease slideshare

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 Rusts Plants are classified based on these 3 characteristics: The evergreen plants are plants that retain leaves at all times (all year round). Sharma Department of Plant Pathology, CSK HPKV, Palampur (H.P.) Memoir on the immediate cause of caries or coal of the bles, and several. 3+1) P.N. Amjad Khan Afridi In Rigveda, classification of plant diseases and germ theory of disease were discussed.  Forest diseases The main categories of microbes that cause plant diseases which are fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. On the basis of extent to which plant diseases associated with plant Localized diseases Leaf spots b. Based on type of infection a. (b) Diseases resulting in the slowing down or stunting of the growth of the plant or plant parts-atrophic and. Plant disease epidemiology is the study of disease in plant populations. Non-Infectious diseases • Non-infectious diseases are caused by non living factors or agents. Non-infectious (abiotic) » Not caused by a living parasitic organism; usually an environmental factor 2. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. fungi, bacteria, virus, phytoplasma, nematodes, higher parasitic plants etc. Much like diseases of humans and other animals, plant diseases occur due to pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, oomycetes, nematodes, phytoplasmas, protozoa, and parasitic plants. (a) Dust:-it is used as dust @ 25kg/ha.  Leaf spot – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 85eb4e-OTc0Y You can change your ad preferences anytime. segmentation and classification plant diseases can be divided into four phases: 2.1 Phase 1 - K-means Clustering Technique. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Many plant diseases are caused by pathogens ,disease causing agents are called pathogens. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2. On the basis of natural perpetuation and mode of infection • 5077 On the basis ofhost plants Classification of Post-Harvest Diseases 3. The types are: 1. (b)Wettable powder:-it is more popular and used as spray @ 2.5% eg. Plant disease - Plant disease - Definitions of plant disease: In general, a plant becomes diseased when it is continuously disturbed by some causal agent that results in an abnormal physiological process that disrupts the plant’s normal structure, growth, function, or other activities.  Diseases of Wheat 3. up to about 1830 were artificial systems, which … Memoir on the immediate cause of bunt or smut of wheat, and of several other diseases of plants, and on preventives of bunt. This informal way of describing plant classification gives an overview of how plants are classified. 111 (Cr. Two types of diseases. B.sc agriculture i principles of plant pathology u 1.2 introduction to plant ... B.sc agriculture i principles of plant pathology u 1.1 introduction to plant ... No public clipboards found for this slide, MOST ACCEPTED CLASSIFICATION OF PLANT DISEASE BY SOMBIR KASHYAP. Phylogenetic Classification. BOTANY MDU ROHTAK. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. On the basis of symp­toms, plant diseases are classified into three categories: ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) Diseases resulting in the death of the affected tissues-necrotic. Elemental sulphur and Lime sulphur. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Classification of plant diseases based on causative organism Based on causative organism the plant diseases are classified into two.They are Non-infectious and Infectious diseases. Artificial Classification 2. Elemental sulphur:-It is also divided into two parts. Classification of plant diseases Pl. 1. According to a very broad classification, diseases can also be classified under the following – physical diseases, mental diseases, infectious diseases, non- infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, inherited diseases, degenerative diseases, social diseases, self-inflicted diseases. The harvested products may get infected on the way to storage or to market or even before their final consumption. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. b. What is a disease? Such as Pectobacterium atrosepticum (a potato pathogen) 1 Amjad Khan Afridi Classification of plant diseases Classification of plant diseases On the basis of extent to which plant diseases associated with plant Localized Systemic On the basis of natural perpetuation and mode of infection 1. Other diseases of plants, and on the condoms of caries. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Nomenclature & classification of Plant Viruses Viruses are the entities whose genome is a nucleic acid, either DNA or RNA, which reproduce inside living cells and use their synthetic machinery to direct the synthesis of specialized particles, the virions which contain the  Downy mildews  Ornamental diseases Seed borne It basically focuses on prevention of many diseases and ailments.  Rots Infectious (biotic) » Caused by a living parasitic organism – loose smut of wheat ext. classification of diseases in plants Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 1. • DR SUNDER SINGH We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 2. Learn more about the importance, transmission, diagnosis, and control of plant diseases. Air borne •A plant disease cannot develop if a susceptible host, pathogen, and favorable environment do not occur simultaneously •The major plant pathogens responsible for disease development in plants are fungi, bacteria, viruses, and nematodes •The disease cycle describes … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The physiological parts of plants like leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, barks and roots are used as key ingredients and compositions of herbal medicines. On the basis of crop Fungicides:-These are chemicals used to kill fungi.Types of Fungicides (A) Sulphur Fungicide:- It is divided into two types e.g.  Wilt Paris: Bernard Quai des Augustins. Soil borne Based on plant part affected. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Meaning of Post-Harvest Diseases: The diseases which develop on harvested parts of the plants like seeds, fruits and also on vegetables are the post-harvested diseases. Based on type of perpetuation and spread a. It is also known as parasitic and biotic disease E.g. • PROFESSOR CLASSIFICATION OF PLANT DISEASES.  Vegetable diseases • SOMBIR KASHYAP The main purpose of classifying plants is to ensure that the right plants are correctly named, grouped and identified. The learned men during Vedic period were aware that the diseases are caused by microbes. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. (British Mycological Society, 1950) Horsfall & Diamond (1957): Disease can be defined as a Marshall Ward (1901): disease represents a condition in which functions of the plant are not properly discharged. • SUBMITTED BY Classification of Fungicide.  Localized Slideshow search results for plant classification Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Disease is a harmful deviation from normal functioning of physiological processes. There are twelve divisions. 1. INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES CHAITHRA . Importance of Plant Classification. [Translation by Keitt G.W. • MSC FINAL  Fruit diseases Classification of Metazoa Sub ... Trypanasoma cruzi Chagas disease (cardiovascular) 13 million 14,000 African trypanosomes African sleeping sickness 0.3 – 0.5 million 48,000 Leishamania Cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis 12 million; 2 million new 1. Localized, if they affect only specific organs or parts of the plants. A plant disease can also be defined as any problem with the plant that leads to a reduction in yield or appearance. 1. (1939). You can change your ad preferences anytime. Based on perpetuation and spread. The branch of agriculture or Botanical Science that deals with the cause, etiology, resulting losses and management of plant diseases is called plant … Types 4. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Depending on certain characteristics, diseases can also be classified as an acute disease where the onset of the disease is sudden, lasts for a shor… 1 Plant diseases 1. CLASSIFICATION OF PLANT DISEASE BY SOMBIR KASHYAP MDU ROHTAK HARYANA PLANT PATHOLOGY. Classification of plant diseases. Plant Classification: Type # 1. Re-ferring to the above ranking, three of these divisions are Bryophytes, The best and most widely used classification of plant diseases is based on the causal agent, such as a noninfectious agent or an infectious agent (i.e., a virus, viroid, mycoplasma, bacterium, fungus, nematode, or parasitic flowering plant). No public clipboards found for this slide. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. S ROLL NO – 19 VII TERM 2. INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES • International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems in short “ICD” is the international standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes. 1.  Canker Air borne 3. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 1. Disease is caused by living organisms. Plant Disease Epidemiology- A lecture for MS students (BAU), ROLE OF PATHOGEN DERIVED EFFECTOR PROTEINS IN PLANT DISEASE AND RESISTANCE. Classification of virus on the basis of genetic material present, presence of a number of strands, presence of envelope, capsid structure, shapes of the viruses, types of host, mode of transmission, replication properties, site of replication and Baltimore Classification. CLASSIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF CAUSE • Infectious disease – a disease that is caused by a pathogen that can spread from a diseased plant to healthy plant. Seed borne disease int. . Plant disease, an impairment of the normal state of a plant that interrrupts or modifies its vital functions. Classification of plant diseases Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The book "Vraksha Ayurveda" written by Surapal in ancient India contained information on plant diseases. PLANT DISEASES Plant disease is an impairment of normal state of a plant that interrupts or modifies its vital functions. On the basis of the organisation of the vegetative thallus, the morphology of reproductive structures, the way of spores production and particular life cycle involved the kingdom mycota is classified into following divisions.. Phycomycetes. DEPARTMENT OF They can be classified as root diseases, stem diseases, foliage/foliar diseases, etc. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Artificial Classification: The earliest systems of classification which remained dominant from 300 B.C. ARYA Air borne disease Paddy blast, Tikka leaf spot of groundnut. Classification of plant diseases ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the top three types of system of plant classification.  Smuts Plant diseases can be classified as infectious or noninfectious, depending on the causative agent. Control. All viruses that spread within their host tissues (systemically) can be transmitted by grafting branches or buds from diseased plants on healthy plants. Classification of Plant Diseases 1. PLANT PATHOLOGY CLASSIFICATION OF PLANT DISEASE ON THE BASIS OF SYMPTOMS ON THE BASIS OF ORGANS THEY ATTACK ON THE BASIS OF PARTS ON THE BASIS OF GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION ETC. A botanist divides the plant kingdom into Divisions, similar to the Phy-la used to divide the animal kingdom.  Systemic Or, Plant disease is a pathological malfunctioning process of the plant body due to continuous irritation which results in some suffering. Fungi account for around 85 percent of plant diseases followed by viruses, Plant disease - Plant disease - Transmission: With the exception of tobacco mosaic virus, relatively few viruses or viroids are spread extensively in the field by contact between diseased and healthy leaves. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. It is also called as Algae-Fungi because most of the characteristics of them are similar to algae like Vaucheria. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Systemic, if entire plant is affected.  Cereal diseases  Diseases of maize etc. A plant may be said to be diseased, when … Any abnormal condition that damages a plant and reduces its productivity or usefulness to man. Botanists use a more complex system.  Blight Path. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. and time for the disease to develop. • SUBMITTED TO Hrs.  Prowdery mildew or. This paper is concerned with a new approach to the development of plant disease recognition model, based on leaf image classification, by the use of deep convolutional networks. On the basis of symptoms Soil borne 2. Systemic diseases Downy mildew & viral diseases 3. Natural Classification 3. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. It includes the simplest type of fungi. Or plant parts-atrophic and artificial classification: the earliest systems of classification remained. 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