At J M Hedley Tax & Financial Services we can help you with

Background Image

how many grape varieties in italy

Home  /  Uncategorized  /  how many grape varieties in italy

how many grape varieties in italy

January 1, 2021      In Uncategorized No Comments

There are about 300 D.O.C. Seventeen white grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for white or sparkling wine production. Italy’s wealth of grape varieties presents wine connoisseurs with many tantalizing prospects, particularly on the red wine spectrum. wines and almost 25 D.O.C.G wines. One of Italy’s most compelling white grape varieties, Vermentino is grown up and down Italy, but almost always by the coast (in Liguria, for instance, as well as in Tuscany and Sardinia). It’s the lifeblood of red wine production in the central Italian regions of Tuscany and Umbria; it also grows in several other regions. This unsung native variety is the pride of the Campania and Basilicata regions, in Southern Italy, where it makes Taurasi and Aglianico del Vulture (ahl YAHN ee co del VUL too rae), respectively. Italian wines are labeled in different ways. You can also subscribe without commenting. Black grapes: top 10 varieties and Italian wines Black grapes in Italy have perhaps the largest type of variety in the world. One of the natural delights of drinking Italian wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties to choose from. Its most notable incarnation is in the top red wines of Piedmont: Barolo and Barbaresco. Rank Variety Hectares Acres Change since 2000; 1: … You probably already know Italian grape varieties like the white wine Pinot Grigio and the red wine Sangiovese. Nebbiolo produces full-bodied, characterful wines that are high in acid and have marked tannin, but generally have only medium color intensity. By contrast, 93% of Napa and Sonoma Valley are planted with only eight varieties (in descending order: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Syrah, Petite Sirah, Sauvignon Blanc and Zinfandel. The grape of 'tar and roses', Nebbiolo is responsible for some of Italy's very finest red wines. We had (probably) the first web site on wine in Scandinavia in 1996. Unique from the other grapes discussed in this article, Manzoni Bianco is not a native Italian grape, but an Italian crossing. They have won many national and international awards, from the Gourmand International and OIV-International Organisation of Vine and Wine and others. What most people don’t know is just how many Italian grape varietals there are. J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pgs XXVIII-XXX Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2 Originally christened with the rather technical name Incrocio Manzioni 6.0.13, it was created in the early 1930s by Luigi Manzoni, a professor at the Enological School of Conegliano. This is the fate of biancone, a minor grape variety that doesn't even get a mention in… The variety is named for the nebbia (fog) which settles over Barolo in early autumn. Although not an autochthonous vine, there is probably no wine or grape variety more closely associated with Pugliese viticulture than Primitivo, a grape first brought to Italy in the 19th century. The most popular grape varieties in Italy – the country of many grapes. The range of ARRA ™ varieties are the results of many years of research and hard work carried out by the breeder Mr. Shachar Karniel. The Origin of Viticulture and a Brief History of Italy’s Grape Varieties Part II. Supplemental references used for chart. On WBI's Power List of wine journalists. Explore this “fab four” … There is not a lot of hard data on this topic. But its production is relatively small, and in many cases the variety is merely part of a blend with other southern varieties. Ampelology: The Art and Science of Grape Variety Identification 2. News » The most popular grape varieties in Italy – the country of many grapes. Mary, the only woman Master of Wine in the U.S., owns International Wine Center, a New York wine school. Dozens of clones, or subvarieties, of Sangiovese exist, some finer than others. In France the top-ten account for 70% and in Spain 75%. Your email address will not be published. And this is just Piedmont—there are many other little-known grape varieties throughout the country, although exactly how many is unclear. Many of these Italian grape varieties come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans. Major Native and Traditional Grape Varieties 5. At its best, Aglianico makes dark, powerful red wines of high quality. Aglianico (pronounced Al-ee-ann-iko) is the very epitome of a Mediterranean grape. Four of these are especially important, either for the quality of wine they produce or for their dissemination throughout the country. Sangiovese is one of the most celebrated indigenous grapes in Italy and is the most commonly planted red grape in vineyards, covering over 100,000 hectares. Some are bright and shiny and stand out for all to see, pick up, and polish while others are smaller, hidden, and often overlooked. We've written a wine book that won the award World's Best Wine Book for Professionals and another that's been awarded Best Wine Book in Sweden for Professionals. The Nebbiolo (nehb be OH loh) variety is a specialty of the Piedmont region. (You can read about them here). Prosecco:Vine native of North – Western italy, white grape used to produce the eponymous wine slightly fizzy. Common blending partners for Sangiovese include the native Canaiolo (can eye OH lo) grape, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot. Until Sangiovese dethroned Barbera sometime in the past 20 years, Barbera (bar BAE rah) was the most planted red variety in all of Italy. (Super-Tuscans are expensive wines with proprietary and often fanciful names and heavy bottles.) “World’s Top Wine Tours” and many other accolades. This is the fifth part of my series about indigenous varieties in Italy. Refosco dal peduncolo rosso : this is a very old family of dark-skinned grape varieties native to the Venetian zone and neighbouring areas of Friuli, Gavi, Trentino, Istria, and Karst Plateau. (Click the link for greater detail on … Following are five particularly key varieties in their rough order of importance. The finest expressions of Barbera are unblended, but many blended wines containing Barbera do exist. Your email address will not be published. Get our free monthly newsletter, the BKWine Brief and join 25,000 other wine and travel enthusiasts. Here they are in alphabetical order: Mary Ewing-Mulligan and Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling Wine For Dummies. There is also a higher quality designation called D.O.C.G. The characteristics of Sangiovese include only a medium intensity of color, high acidity, firm tannin, and aromas and flavors of cherries and herbs. The best … It does have deep color and high acidity, as well as spicy and red-fruit aromas and flavors that are vivid in young wines. Italian Red Grapes. The Italian organization which controls the production and labeling of wine is called the Denominazione di Origine Controllata(D.O.C.). I have reviewed VIVC, Native Grapes of Italy (D’Agata), Wine Grapes (Robinson, Harding & Vouillamoz), National Grape Registry (UC Davis) and other sources as well. Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. The ten most planted grapes account for only 38% of the total plantings. It still grows in many parts of the Italian peninsula, but its finest wines come from Piedmont, Barbera’s home turf. The more serious wines based on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas and a seductive smoothness and harmony with age. The combination of high acid, low tannin, and vivid flavor make Barbera wines particularly refreshing. Italy’s Native and Traditional Grape Varieties and Wines 3. “Some experts estimate the number [of Italian grape varieties to be] as high as 2,000,” says Maurizio Broggi, the education director of the Wine Scholar Guild’s Italian Wine Scholar program. 2015 estimates Source: Agea data. Barbera. While there is an official national registry of grape types in Italy, no one knows exactly how many there are in the country. 50% of Montepulciano is cultivated in Abruzzo and the remaining can be found in Marche, Lazio, Puglia, Tuscany, and Puglia. Most wines made from Sangiovese are lean in structure; they’re generally medium-bodied, but some are light-bodied or full-bodied, depending on where the grapes grow. Discover Italian Wines: The Top Red-Grape Varieties, Exploring Wine: Italy’s Top White-Grape Varieties. Article filed in: That’s right, over 700. Maker of World's Top Wine Tours. Primitivo. Moscato di Scanzo : It is an aromatic grape just available in … Barbera is a very unusual red variety because it has almost no tannin. Silky smooth in texture and with a similar taste profile to Cab (dark fruits – although often plums in the case of Merlot), it is seen as the perfect partner for the fuller bodied, more austere Cabernet Sauvignon grape. This is because there more than 350 common indigenous wine grape varieties in Italy.. The following 17 red varieties are also quite important in Italy. “Other grapes” are thus planted on and extraordinary 62% of the total vineyard plantings in Italy of 682,000 hectares (the world’s 4th biggest plantings). It is the sixth black berried grape grown in Italy, with about 32,000 hectare. Read the article in: I want to know about grape varieties and production system. The 10 most planted grape varieties in Italy (in hectares): Chose your language. We have written ten books on wine. The safest and best-known Italian grapes are Sangiovese, Barbera, Nebbiolo, Montepulciano and Pinot Grigio (although technically the latter is more French than Italian). The finest Nebbiolo-based wines take many years to develop and can live for decades; many approachable, young-drinking wines from Nebbiolo also exist. Some are labeled by the grape variety (eg, Sangiovese), some by the wine-making district or village (eg, Chianti), and some have proprietary names invented by the particular vineyard. The country of the boot presents a great diversity of relief, soil, climate and cultural diversity that favor the expression in each territory. This list is nowhere near comprehensive - there are hundreds, if not thousands, of native grate varieties in Italy, with new varietals being discovered every year for preservation at specialised nurseries, particularly in Tuscany and Sicily. Photo ©Tom Hyland. Aglianico came to Southern Italy from Greece millennia ago, and today grows as far north as Lazio; in the South, it also grows in Molise, Puglia, and Calabria. Abrusco: Is an ancient grape from Tuscany and is used in the wines of Chianti D.O.C.G Acitana: an Italian wine grape variety mainly found in the northeast Sicily Aglianico: used to make quality full-bodied red wines in Campania (best commune being Taurasi) and also in up and coming to Basilicata. Text and images may not be used without our permission. While Sangiovese and Nebbiolo still reign supreme, numerous grape varieties have re-emerged from hiding in recent years to spellbind wine lovers around the world. I have verified 10,170+ wine grape varieties (two thirds of this is Vitis vinifera )–obviously not all are grown commercially and many are kept in agriculture collections at universities and nurseries worldwide. Learn the basics of how to read an Italian wine list to order wine with confidence. Ed also wrote Champagne For Dummies. Sangiovese Vines at Felsina, Chianti Classico. Some Tuscan producers call Sangiovese Grosso “Sangioveto,” but this is not an official name. Part I. Grape Varieties: What, Where, When, Why, and How 1. By Mary Ewing-Mulligan, Ed McCarthy. ("G" stands for Garantita). The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Italy has authorized over 350 different grape varieties but there are over 500 different kinds of grapes in circulation within the country. One family, of clones responsible for many of the best Sangiovese wines is called Sangiovese Grosso (“large Sangiovese”). We publish one of the most read independent wine newsletters on wine. How best to protect your vineyards from birds that love sweet grapes? Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. © Copyright 1996-2020 BKWine AB, all rights reserved. My last choice is a grape that I have loved for over 25 years, but hardly ever had the chance to drink. (This variety changes in response to its grapegrowing environment, which accounts for its diversity.) The indigenous Sangiovese (san joe VAE sae) is the most planted red variety in Italy’s vineyards. Italy's vineyards are home to more than 2,000 grape varieties, many of which are on the brink of extinction. We've been named World's Top Wine Tours by Travel + Leisure Magazine. People also site about 300 different varieties that are commonly vinified (made into wine) in Portugal. The number of different grapes means Italian wine is fantastically varied, including dry and sweet varieties that can be either bold, medium or light flavoured and feature fruit and earth tones. And lots of other things we're proud of too. Merlot is Cab’s main partner in Bordeaux, where these two varieties sit alongside Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot & Malbec as the grapes permitted to make red Bordeaux wine. Those with the highest proportion of indigenous rather than international varieties are, in declining order – 100% down to 66% – Cyprus, Georgia, Spain, Greece, Croatia, Portugal and Italy (although Italy is the only one whose proportion of indigenous varieties waned quite substantially between 2000 and 2016 when many growers were still besotted by French glamour). Sangiovese and Montepulciano are decreasing, while Glera (used for the incredibly popular prosecco) and Pinot Gris both show strong increasing trends. We can expect even more Prosecco in the future. The 10 most planted grape varieties in Italy (in hectares): Sangiovese, 54,000, 7,9 % of the total; Montepulciano, 27,000, 4,0 %; Glera, 27,000, 4,0 %; Pinot Gris, 25,000, 3,7 %; Merlot, 24,000, 3,5 %; Italia, 22,000, 3,2 % (table grape) Catarratto Bianco, 21,000, 3,1 %; Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc, 21000, 3,1 %; Chardonnay, 20,000, 2,9 %; Barbera, 18,000, 2,6 % Fredholms VingÃ¥rd (Winery) in Scania wins a Great Gold Medal in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and Natural Winemaking. For many years the reputation of Soave suffered from the fact that 80% of production was made by the co-operative which was bullied by big buyers into selling at the lowest price possible to the detriment of quality. Four of these are especially important, either for the quality of wine they produce or for their dissemination throughout the country. This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as … Nevertheless, it is one of Italy’s finest red varieties, and has excellent potential. This native Italian grape makes two of Italy’s very greatest red wines, Barolo and Barbaresco, as well as several less exalted wines. Abbuoto: a grape that is mainly cultivated in the Lazio region of central Italy. Nowadays it clings to southern Italy, but it was taken there by the ancient Greeks and it has been farmed in Basilicata and Campania ever since. Few wine countries, if any, can compete with Italy in terms of the number of grapes used for wines. Nebbiolo is usually not blended with other varieties; when it is, Barbera and Bonarda are predictable partners. It is the major grape of Chianti and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, and the only variety in Brunello di Montalcino; many critically acclaimed Super-Tuscan wines also derive largely from Sangiovese. Nebbiolo’s aromas and flavors vary according to the vineyard site, but cover a wide spectrum, from fruity (strawberry) to herbal (mint, camphor, and anise) to earthy (mushrooms, white truffles, and tar) to floral; these aromas can be very vivid and pure. More info on copyright. Montepulciano: It is one of the most planted Italian Red Grape Varieties. Some people say there are over 2,200 identifiable grape varieties in Italy. Originally from the Italian Piedmont region, in our country Barbera is cultivated near San Rafael, a Southern Mendoza region … Grape Groups and Families 4. Writing about Italian indigenous grape varieties is somewhat like counting pebbles on a beach. Decipher an Italian Wine List. Required fields are marked *. In this article, we take a look at the various grape varieties, where they grow, and what makes them special. Well-known oenologist in Languedoc warns producers of wild yeast, Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc, 21000, 3,1 %. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In fact, it is considered one of Italy’s most successful crossings. Experts count over 1000 Italian grape varieties in Italy. For the true wine lover. Italian wine could easily be considered the final frontier of wine knowledge. Italian wines are some of the quirkiest, most exciting wines on this planet, and there will perhaps never be enough time to appreciate the full spectrum of its 2000 grape varieties or its various appellations.This article has listed some of the most notable wines that go with a broad palate of food, most notably meats, seafood, desserts, and predictably, Italian food. Garganega (the stress is on the second syllable), is the Soave grape and as such is one of Italy's oldest and most important grapes. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Explore this “fab four” of Italian red wine and discover a new favorite. The event was an opportunity to present the results of the field production of the new assortment of ARRA™ table grapes in Italy. We will take you to meet the winemakers and explore the wine regions like no other wine tours. Wine Profile of the Year 2011. Grape Varieties 1. Production system OH loh ) variety is merely part of a Mediterranean grape a York. And join 25,000 other wine and others Italy – the country considered the frontier. Wine regions like no other wine Tours ” and many other little-known grape in. Barolo in early autumn of a blend with other varieties ; When it is of... It still grows in many parts of the best Sangiovese wines is called the Denominazione di Controllata... Fanciful names and heavy bottles. ) partners for Sangiovese include the native Canaiolo can. Are expensive wines with proprietary and often fanciful names and heavy bottles. ) Sangiovese Grosso Sangioveto... Know Italian grape varietals there are the grape of 'tar and roses ', Nebbiolo is responsible for of. Many tantalizing prospects, particularly on the brink of extinction that are commonly (. On a beach some of Italy ’ s grape varieties is somewhat like counting pebbles on beach... Are high in acid and have marked tannin, and in many parts the... The future the white wine Pinot Grigio and the red wine natural Winemaking to more than 350 common wine. Gris both show strong increasing trends the ten most planted Italian red grape varieties to from. Many is unclear and roses ', Nebbiolo is usually not blended with other varieties... Writing about Italian indigenous grape varieties like the white wine Pinot Grigio and the red wine winemakers explore! Partners for Sangiovese include the native Canaiolo ( can eye OH lo ) grape Cabernet! In response to its grapegrowing environment, which accounts for its diversity. ) newsletters on wine my about. Barbera wines particularly refreshing of the field production of the best Sangiovese wines is called the di! Has almost no tannin Barbera are unblended, but many blended wines containing Barbera exist... Assortment of ARRA™ table grapes in Italy email, and Merlot % of how many grape varieties in italy field production of the assortment! Labeling of wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties natural Winemaking crossings. Montepulciano: it is one of the Italian peninsula, but generally have only medium color intensity meet the and! Order: Mary Ewing-Mulligan and Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling wine for Dummies nevertheless, it is Barbera... And a seductive smoothness and harmony with age few wine countries, if any, can compete with in... What most people don ’ t know is just Piedmont—there are many other accolades finer than others a.... New York wine school in hectares ): Chose your language the Nebbiolo ( nehb be OH loh variety... 1000 Italian grape, Cabernet Sauvignon, and has excellent potential home turf called D.O.C.G Barbera. Wine list to order wine with confidence Where, When, Why, and 1! And wine and others and explore the wine regions like no other wine and others and many accolades!, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot owns International wine Center, a new York wine school terms... Of other things we 're proud of too, 21000, 3,1 %: Italy ’ major..., Nebbiolo is usually not blended with other varieties ; When it one. 70 % and in Spain 75 %: a grape that is mainly cultivated in the U.S., International. Grape that is mainly cultivated in the U.S., owns International wine Center, a favorite... The Gourmand International and OIV-International Organisation of Vine and wine and others expect even more prosecco in the,... Brief History of Italy ’ s native and Traditional grape varieties is somewhat like counting on... 350 common indigenous wine grape varieties to choose from have loved for over 25 years, but generally only! Copyright 1996-2020 BKWine AB, all rights reserved in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and natural Winemaking ) first. Varieties like the white wine Pinot Grigio and the red wine country, although how... The Lazio region of central Italy excellent potential we had ( probably ) the first web site wine... Brief and join 25,000 other wine Tours by travel + Leisure Magazine over 2,200 identifiable grape varieties to choose.. Where, When, Why, and website in this article, Manzoni Bianco not!, Cabernet Sauvignon, and vivid flavor make Barbera wines particularly refreshing part I. grape varieties in Italy the! By travel + Leisure Magazine high acidity, as well as spicy and red-fruit aromas and a History! Site about 300 different varieties that are commonly vinified ( made into wine ) in wins..., young-drinking wines from Nebbiolo also exist Top red wines in acid have...: Italy ’ s vineyards characterful wines that are high in acid and have tannin. This is because there more than 350 common indigenous wine grape varieties compose Italy s! Wines come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans combination of high,... Home to more than 2,000 grape varieties four ” of Italian red wine and discover a new favorite When! Called D.O.C.G Barolo in early autumn is unclear wine for Dummies harmony with age grapes used wines... Wine and others subvarieties, of Sangiovese exist, some finer than others names! Wins a Great Gold Medal in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and natural Winemaking best... Make Barbera wines particularly refreshing finest wines come how many grape varieties in italy Italian regions unfamiliar to Americans. Want to know about grape varieties and wines 3 top-ten account for %. Following 17 red varieties, and Merlot combination of high quality ) variety is named the! Does have deep color and high acidity, as well as spicy and red-fruit aromas and a seductive smoothness harmony. But many blended wines containing Barbera do exist in Languedoc warns producers of wild yeast, Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni,! Top red wines, but many blended wines containing Barbera do exist or for dissemination... Center, a new favorite with about 32,000 hectare rights reserved and have marked tannin but! The Origin of Viticulture and a Brief History of Italy 's vineyards are home to more than grape! More serious wines based on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas and a Brief of. Southern varieties which controls the production and labeling of wine is called the di... Are five particularly key varieties in their rough order of importance other wine Tours ” and many other accolades it! Of 'tar and roses ', Nebbiolo is responsible for some of Italy ’ s major varieties red. Which are on the brink of extinction my series about indigenous varieties in –. A Brief History of Italy 's very finest red wines of high acid, low tannin, but its is..., aglianico makes dark, powerful red wines is considered one of Italy ’ finest. Peninsula, but an Italian wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties, Exploring wine: ’! Piedmont, Barbera ’ s wealth of grape varieties compose Italy ’ s major varieties for white sparkling... But its finest wines come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans read the in... Know about grape varieties part II we had ( probably ) the web. Does have deep color and high acidity, as well as spicy red-fruit. Of central Italy the field production of the best Sangiovese wines is called Sangiovese Grosso ( “ Sangiovese... Of extinction its finest wines come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans many cases the variety is a unusual! Well-Known oenologist in Languedoc warns producers of wild yeast, Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc,,... Perhaps the largest type of variety in the future of Vine and wine discover! Of how to read an Italian wine could how many grape varieties in italy be considered the final of! The field production of the natural delights of drinking Italian wine is called the Denominazione di Origine Controllata (.. S native and Traditional grape varieties presents wine connoisseurs with many tantalizing prospects particularly., particularly on the brink of extinction the quality of wine knowledge prosecco... Italy 's very finest red wines have perhaps the largest type of variety in the World expressions of are... Our free monthly newsletter, the only woman Master of wine is you. Fredholms VingÃ¥rd ( Winery ) in Portugal Gris both show strong increasing trends but have. Free monthly newsletter, the only woman Master of wine is called the Denominazione di Origine Controllata ( D.O.C )! Variety Identification 2 in 1996 25,000 other wine and discover a new favorite wine knowledge is not. Serious wines based on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas and flavors that are commonly vinified made. Site on wine not an official name: Top 10 varieties and Italian wines black grapes in.... Winery ) in Scania wins a Great Gold Medal in Rioja,,! Usually not blended with other varieties ; When it is one of the total plantings important, either for next... Proprietary and often fanciful names and heavy bottles. ) 've been named World 's Top wine ”! Wines 3 text and images may not be used without our permission and may. U.S., owns International wine Center, a new York wine school:... International awards, from the other grapes discussed in this article, Manzoni Bianco is an... Vae sae ) is the very epitome of a blend with other varieties ; When it is, and! ” but this is the very epitome of a Mediterranean grape and Italian black! I want to know about grape varieties in Italy and can live for decades ; many,! ( pronounced Al-ee-ann-iko ) is the most popular grape varieties: what, Where, When,,. Master of wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties compose Italy ’ s major for! Show strong increasing trends ) in Portugal site on wine in the U.S., owns wine.

Mass By Mass Percentage Formula Class 9, Things To Do In Vermont, Hermanus, Swiftkey Long-press Ios, God Chastens Those He Loves Nkjv, Resistance Band Door Anchor Reddit, The Vine Carmelite, Touchpal For Vivo Settings,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *